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He has also identified regional innovativeness stimulation instruments within the confines of regional policy created by the European Union and regional self-government units. Summing-up Smart specialization means the identification of unique features and assets of each country and region, highlighting their competitive advantages and clustering regio- nal partners and the resources around a specific vision of the future.


It allows to move to another level of thinking, in which innovations influence regional development and result in a higher quality of social life. At the same time, the higher level of regional entities capacity for creating and makroekonomoa innovation represents the crucial factor influencing endogenous economic, social and spatial regional development potentials.

Resilience, competitiveness and sustainable development A certain simplification may be adopted where regional identity represents the feeling of identification with a particular fragment of space which we observe as part of ourselves. The goal of this article is to identify these links and present beggg in the nakroekonomia of a model. It refers to both the ability to participate in this cycle by playing the role of an innovation creator — inventor, and as an entity capable of innovation absorption — absorbent.

Instructions or agreements represent a certain legal expression of these relations. Regional peculiarities of the global art market Moreover, previous studies of the art markets largely ignored the impact of this phenomenon on the art market.

Their common feature is an implementation programme and its monitoring system for the purposes of verification and adjustment to the dynamically changing situation in a region and its environment. Regional development can be understood as the transformation in regional productivity measured by the size of population, employment rate, income level and production added value.


Most purchases from makroekonomia begg sellers are protected by the Consumer Contract Regulations which give you the right to cancel the purchase makroekonomis 14 days after the day makroekonomia begg receive the item. The second group is made up of connections between these entities and activities carried out by them within the framework of RIS implementation, in particular by the primary entity, namely the regional self-government.

The system approach is all the more needed, that from direct ones wider and indirect effects result. The most respected definition of sustainable development was introduced in The World Commission on the Environment and Development Report in Next, basic assumptions of the 3T concept by Richard Florida were characterized.

This means economic development srkypt on completely different presumptions [Ginsbert-Gebertpp. They are applied to RIS activities promotion addressed to direct beneficiaries, for influencing public negg covering the system participants and mainly including regional self-government authorities, as well as for obtaining favourable RIS publicity.

Greater accessibility to social capital can contribute to economic growth. Hegg [Voigt ], which assigned space transportation systems with different creation power of influence into regions, followed by the distinguishing of three types of regions: Skip to main content.

From the theoretical point of view, there are few regional studies makrofkonomia this area. In the European Union scale it is, among others, the Lisbon Strategy Competitive- ness and Innovation Framework Programme and EU regional policy for the period of — which specify both strategic goals of such support and pro-innovation support criteria and also procedures regarding regional development. Presented synthetically and targeted at the core concept of the matter, the definition of RIS [Markowskip.

Another function, the promotional one, consists in efforts to disseminate information about RIS content and taking makeoekonomia activities carried out within the course of its implementation where entrepreneurs, individuals considering undertaking business activities, innovation creators and owners of intellectual property become its primary addressees.


Studia Ekonomicznenr 2. The decreasing accessibility of transport as a result of, e. These strategies are supposed to establish a partnership for the regional innovation system. Innovations appear more frequently when one is open to new influences, market trends and a constructive dialogue is initiated with entities functioning in the proximal and distant environment, having incorporated potential innovation recipients and competitors in this process [Chesbroughpp.

According to the Art Market Trends by Artprice, with 2. In order to meet the objective of its first part, the concept of such a model was developed by the author.


An innovator participates in this process, taking on the role of an inventor or an entity which is capable of absorbing innovation — innovation beneficiary. In the context of convergence and cohesion among the European regions, the promotion of innovation in regions that are in different phases of development has been a central objective of European regional policy.

As already mentioned, sustainable development is defined in a general way, nevertheless some authors refer the concept to a specific level, including a regional one. The monitoring and evaluation function refers to activities aimed at finding out about the results and determinants of RIS implementation. Despite the high growth rate of the art market, Chinese government regulation is considered to be its weak point. Gagosian, the owner of 13 galleries in four continents, said: Growth based on creativity may also support enhancing self-esteem which, following the feedback principle, will facilitate such development [Todaro, Smithp.