: Introduction to Typology: The Unity and Diversity of Language: Lindsay J. Whaley. Introduction to Typology assumes neither prior knowledge of typology nor extensive background in linguistics, making it useful as a primary Lindsay J. Whaley. and linguistic analysis, Introduction to Typology overviews the major grammatical categories and constructions in the world’s languages. Lindsay J. Whaley.

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SAGE Books – Introduction to Typology: The Unity and Diversity of Language

The creation of a structure that combines two or more clauses or other elementsneither of which is embedded in or dependent on the other. Whaley, L JIntroduction to typology: ConstablePeter G. An aspectual term used to describe an event that happens instantaneously rather than being extended in time: An adverbial clause is dependent on a main clause, but it is not embedded within it. That realm of meaning concerned with obligation and permission.

We know this because the main verb is in past tense. U of Hawaii P.


Situations in which there is imperfect comprehension between members of two speech communities pose an intractable problem for any simple counting of the number of languages in the world. A morphosyntactic system that encodes the single argument of an intransitive clause either as a subject or as an absolutive depending on the whalley that heads the clause. See questions and answers.

Introduction to Typology: The Unity and Diversity of Language

It may provide them with enough of a grounding in the topic to feel more comfortable with my continual reference to lesser-known languages. A subordinate clause which provides a situational context for the event or state that is described in a main clause.

Looking at how language changes over the course of time. Comriethe Shopen three-volume series, and Croft Tense and Aspect Systems. Mood is usually indicated by affixes or modal auxiliaries. Intuitively, they are both members of typoolgy same noun phrase, but they are separated by yesterday at school. State U of New York.

: Introduction to Typology: The Unity and Diversity of Language: Lindsay J. Whaley

See also nominative-accusative and ergative-absolutive. ChungSandraand Alan Timberlake. NicholsJohannaand Anthony C. Item can be shipped within U.


A semantic role describing nominals that establish when an event occurred. An explanation of universals based on properties of language systems themselves.

A language that permits a great deal of affixation but without a one-to-one correspondence between affixes and the semantic information being indicated. Imperfective contrasts with perfective. An aspectual notion used to describe an event that has a clear terminal point—for example, shatter or explode. FoxBarbara A. A valence-decreasing device which demotes the object of a transitive verb, thereby detransitivizing it.

MarlettStephen A. Language Typology and Syntactic Description. Boothand Pamela Munro. WeberDavid J.

The semantic realm concerned with attitudes toward events—that is, their necessity, likelihood, actuality, and so on. National Academy of Sciences.