Introduzione alla permacultura | Bill Mollison, Reny M. Slay, F. Tedesco | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf . Introduzione alla PERMACULTURA Bill Mollison con Reny Mia Slay EDITRICE Alla fine del libro il lettore. troverÃƒ varie appendici che potrÃƒ consultare per. Introduzione alla Permacultura (Italian) Bill Mollison with Reny Mia Slay Written to introduce readers to Permaculture concepts and design strategies. Topics.
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This agricultural model was born in the 70s, thanks to the idea of David Holmgren and Bill Mollisonetwo Australian ecologists who tried to create a model of self-sustaining agriculture, with a much higher probability to last for the use of coming generations. Sincein Pefmacultura, Bill Aalla and David Holmgren began to develop a framework for a sustainable agricultural system, centered on a mixed farming based on perennial species of trees, shrubs, herbaceous plants and root systems.
The ambitious objective of this method is to design human settlements that reduce the work required to maintain them, minimize the production of waste and pollution, and, of course, at the same time, maintain or increase soil fertility and biodiversity of the system.
Since the 80s,The Permaculture method has spread all over the world. Today there are more than a dozen books and manuals on Permaculture, based on the original work of Mollison and Holmgren.
Despite introduzionw, there have never been substantial additions or changes to the method originally pernacultura in the late 70s. In practice, Permaculture objective is to support the creation of sustainable, agriculturally productive, non-polluting and healthy settlements. In many places this means adapting our existing settlements.
In other cases it can mean starting from scratch. Permaculture works with natural systems, rather than in competition with them. In everyday life, this may involve buying local produce, eating in season, and cycling rather than driving.
It is about opposing the destruction of wild habitatsand the poisoning of soilwater and atmosphereand it is about designing and creating healthy systems that meet our needs without damaging the planet.
This is about ensuring the wellbeing of both individuals and communities. As individuals, we need to look after ourselves and each other, so that as a community we can develop environmentally friendly lifestyles. In the poorest parts of the world, this is still about helping people to access enough food and clean water, within a safe society. In the rich world, it means redesigning our unsustainable systems and replacing them with sustainable ones.
This could mean working together to provide efficient, accessible public transport, or to provide after-school clubs for kids. Permaculture seeks to divide these resources fairly amongst people, animals and plants alike, not forgetting future generations who will need food, water and shelter just as much as we do now. It is ‘one planet living’.
Permaculture has 12 principles Holmgren David, We have to know how nature works if we want to be able to work with it. Permaculture uses an ‘action learning’ approach. Deep soils allow good crops, retain more rainfall, and also have the hugely important role of being the world’s largest and most important living stores of carbon; b Catching and storing energy in our built environment exploiting renewable energyby using sunlight and solar photovoltaics in order to heat homes and provide light for free; c Storing energy in the household storing food and woodby preserving fruit and vegetables, wines and beers and a wood pile for winter fuel.
Permaculture stresses self-reliance – the ability to meet many of our own needs from our own resources. We can no longer rely on global food systems to meet our needs, or on there always being enough fossil fuels to bring the crops to us. Self-maintaining systems are the ‘holy grail’ of Permaculture, and can be seen in designs for forest gardens, in which work is minimised by planting ground covers to reduce weeds, nitrogen fixers to replace fertilisers and perennial and self-seeding plants to reduce annual plantings.
Permaculture design aims to make best use of renewable resources to create, manage and maintain high yielding systems, even if some non-renewable resources are needed to establish the system in the first place. Wind, sun and waves are the key renewable resources that can help us move towards sustainability.
Permaculture aims to connect inputs and outputs so that different elements meet each other’s needs.
Introduzione alla Permacultura (Italian) ::
Recycling in Permaculture is very important. Kitchen waste can be used to make compost and this can be used to grow crops. In this introduziome we reduce waste, the use of external inputs external compost and fertilizers and increase yields better soil, more crops, more worms.
Careful maintenance and investing in good quality long lasting products can also help reduce waste and overall consumption levels.
FOCUS – Permaculture what is and data about it
Zoning is a very good example of a design method that is used to help generate an overall mlllison for the site and ensure that it is designed to be energy efficient. Sector analysis is another design method used to see how energy sun, wind, wildlife, aloa flows through a site.
Both of these tools help to give an overall shape to the design, before getting too carried away with the specific details to start with. One of the most important insights from ecology is that the relationships between things are as important as the things themselves. A healthy vibrant ecosystem is a mass of connections and relationships.
Permaculture seeks to integrate elements together so that the needs of one are supplied by another. This is well described by three earlier principles: If any one source fails, others will provide.
Slay, Reny Mia
Small scale solutions and activities are more likely to be adaptive to local needs, respectful of nature and able to see the consequences of actions. Incremental changes can be more easily understood and monitored. This concept links to one of the “Golden Rules” from Bill Mollison’s Designers Manual – introduzionee small, get it under control and then slowly expand the perimeter. Permaculture designs should always try to incorporate a wide variety of plants, animals and approaches.
This is because diversity can act like an insurance policy – if one crop fails, another may succeed. Even within an orchard there will be a diversity of different varieties. Polycultures agricultural systems with many plantsare now proven to be more productive overall and resilient to weather, pests and other factors, than monocultures agricultural systems with only one plant species.
Plant diversity is also the key to many useful techniques such as ‘integrated pest management’. The place where two eco-systems or habitats meet e. In ecology this is called ‘ecotone’. This is central to the idea of using edges as a design method.
Such marginal lands are abandoned by conventional one-crop agricultural systems. By understanding permcultura ecosystems change over time, we can accelerate the process and create productive ecosystems faster than in nature. There are also many methods for social changes, organisational development and community engagement used to help introduuzione work together and collectively plan for changes. Each zone has its own objective and a distance from the house or the central part of the farm depending on the frequency of human work.
In general, in Permaculture 6 zones are identified:. This zone must be set in order to maximize the energy saving and satisfy the needs of the inhabitants. It is the most used and controlled area. It consists of the garden, the greenhouse, the nursery, the housing of poultry, the fuel tank, the woodshed, the drying rack for laundry and an area for the drying of cereals.
In this zone there are no large millison there are few big trees with the only purpose of shading. There are, instead, many little trees for common use, such as lemon trees. This zone includes terraces, hedges, trellises and water features. There may also be some large trees that host under them a complex system of herbaceous species and trees, especially fruit plants.
There are farm animals in selected areas and there may be an area for grazing animals. There are large trees that also perform the function of shelter belts and sources of forage.
It is an almost wild zone. It is used for the harvesting of wild fruits, forestry and accommodating wild animals. In addition perrmacultura this, it is the area for the production of valuable wood. This zone is used only for observation and learning. It is not interested by the design process. Currently, there are two big branches in agriculture: The main difference between these two methods lays in the use of fertilizers and pesticides: Biological or mol,ison agriculture includes many branches: Permaculture, like the other organic methods, is based on the use of policultures and of natural fertilizers and pesticides.
What makes Permaculture different from the other organic systems, is the emphasis giving to the goal of reducing the dependency on external inputs, through a detailed design of the environment in terms of space physical layout and permaxultura how things change and evolve over time.
In that perspective, Permaculture can be seen as a system of design techniques complementary to all the other systems. For more information on this thematic, please see the interview with David Holmgren on www. Bane Peter,The Permaculture Handbook: By how much do land, water and crop yields need to increase by ?
Fukuoka Masanobu,Sowing Seeds in the Desert: Fukuoka Masanobu,La rivoluzione del filo di paglia. Un’introduzione all’agricoltura naturale, Libreria Editrice Fiorentina. Holmgren David,Future Scenarios: Holmgren David,Permaculture: Chia TraduttorePermacultura. Come progettare e realizzare modi di vivere sostenibili e integrati con la natura, Arianna Editrice. Holzer Sepp,Sepp Holzer’s Permaculture: Hopkins Rob,The Transition Companion: Hopkins Rob,The Transition Handbook: Water-Harvesting Earthworks, Rain source Press.
La crisi alimentare in Sahel. Oltre l’agricoltura biologica, per curare la Terra e guarire il pianeta, Terra Nuova Edizioni.
Whitefield Patrick,Permaculture Design: Permaculture Institute – http: The Permaculture Association – http: Terra Madre – http: Worldwide Permaculture Network – http: Monday, 31 December